Laser Hair Removal: A Wonderful Way For Men’s Everlasting Hair Removal

Laser hair removal is a revolutionary technology in making smooth and silky skin surfaces. Laser is a word that started as initials which stood for the terms Light Amplification by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation. Those tools is around for many years.

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Laser hair removal is a revolutionary technology in making smooth and silky skin surfaces. Laser is a word that started as initials that stood for the terms Light Amplification by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation. Those tools have been around for a long time and have been used for a slew of applications, including military monitoring tools and weapons, scalpel alternatives used in surgical procedures, a technique for resurfacing facial areas and to remove body hair.

Over time, this scientific technology has improved to the point of being able to offer almost permanent and total hair removal to all persons, regardless of what their skin tone or hair color. Earlier strategies were only useful on specific persons.

One kind of treatment available is known as Sciton’s ClearScan Yag. This technique is said to be comfortable and very helpful. It has a huge area pattern generator which scans for appropriate placement of its light beams. For people with a fair complexion and light hair, it would be the choice. It is also found to be successful on tanned or dark skin tones and brunette or black hair.

Another type of laser hair removal that’s available is with a machine known as a Lightsheer Diode. This device is made to work efficiently on many hair & skin colors. Not just can it make smoothness, but also it can eliminate leg veins, benign lesions and pseudofolliculties barbae, also well-known by its initials, PFB. PFB is a condition due to ingrown hairs due to shaving issues. A special cooling method simultaneously keeps the patient comfortable while this method is being done. This is an innovative strategy based on the earlier techniques of applying cooling gels before processes. The Lightsheer Diode has been approved by the FDA to be used in these manners. The Food and Drug Administration is a govt agency which oversees the safety of foods, drugs and medical equipment before they are permitted on the market to be used by clients.

Today’s lasers are improved over past models since they’re guided by a computer scanner instead of by hand. The energetic pulses target the follicles instead of the surrounding skin, leaving the skin untouched and intact. Today’s equipment are able to target bigger areas at one time without a build up of heat, that could cause burning. The beams are longer than those used in the past, increasing their efficiency.

Some of the commonest areas that individuals decide to have hair removed from are the legs, underarms, facial region and bikini area. Males sometimes utilize these tools to remove excess furriness from their backs or chests. Males also choose to have their bushy brows shaped into more appealing accessories to their eyes. Uni-brows are sometimes an unattractive overstatement in hair growth for both females and males. Many women suffer from a malady known as hirsutism, which causes unnatural masculine hair growth on their bodies in regions like beard, mustache, back, belly and chest. This could be because of hormonal imbalance or medical conditions. Hirsutism sufferers have found aid with the nearly permanent removal of growth known as laser hair removal, also.

People who are interested in this procedure should contact their dermatologistFree Web Content, plastic surgeon or health spa.

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Do You Really Need Hazard Warning Signs?

Hazardous signs have been a necessary practice. There are a lot of dangers at home and at the work place. Most of these signs are placed outside or in buildings. Work places should have many of these signs. Here are four of the most important signs and what they mean.

Hazardous signs are meant to keep people safe from any types of danger that are almost always at hand. These can be seen anywhere. You can see hazard warning signs along the dangerous curves of highways, commercial buildings, factories and industrial plants.

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There are many types of hazard warning signs that are principally made to conform to the standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA. Safety signage is often seen at the workplace. Generally, signages are often part of office cleaning supplies because most often it is only purchase when the need arises.

The different types of safety signs depend on where it is mounted and the purpose it shall serve. Certainly, it also conform to the standard regulations pertinent to its design, particularly the color of the safety signage. The additional information showing the different types of hazards also makes it more effective.

Here are the 4 most important hazardous signs and their specifications:

1. Danger Signs

This sign is often use to emphasize an eminent and immediate danger or hazard with probability to cause sever injury or even death. These are often identified with the triangular shape. This is one of those hazard warning signs often easily recognized with an exclamation point emphasizing eminent danger within the perimeter where it is mounted.

2. Warning Signs

This is one of the hazardous signs that show a potential danger which may result in serious injury or death, if not avoided. These signs are made to make people more aware of the dangers within its perimeters. Posting these signs will enable people to take appropriate action to avoid a potential danger like being able to exit safely from a building in case of fire. By posting these signs, people are able to practice caution, when approaching a dangerous area. Individuals are also able to exit safely in the case fire.

3. Caution Signs

It is use to indicate potential hazards that can cause injury but certainly not resulting to death. These are often seen in construction sites. One good example of this safety sign is the wearing of mandatory safety gear in certain areas when you need to get inside a construction site or industrial plant. Another good example for this type of hazardous signs is “hard hat area” which is often seen in construction site.

4. Prohibition Signs

As the name suggests, it is used to strictly implement some restrictions in certain areas especially in the workplace. Good examples of these safety signs is the “no smoking” signage especially mounted in areas surrounding flammable materials like gasoline or liquefied petroleum gas. These signs are often seen in a circle having diagonal line on it.

These are just four of the many different types of hazardous signs which are commonly seen in the work place. These safety signs are all very important to keep everyone safety at both at home or work all the time. Having these signs posted in the most appropriate places can definitely save life. Hence, it is important to observe much caution in deciding where and what the appropriate one you need to have before you purchase any of these hazardous signs.

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Choosing the Right Aluminum Balusters for Decks

If you are working on your deck, you might want something besides the traditional wooden railings. Aluminum balusters for decks are a great option that can come in a variety of styles.

As you build a new deck or revamp your old one, you might consider something new for your railings. Rather than having a traditional wooden baluster, you might consider aluminum balusters for decks. They come in a variety of styles and even a variety of colors. They are perfect for those who want an updated look for their deck.

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It will probably depend on the company you choose as to the styles of aluminum balusters for decks that you can get, but you may have the option of traditional, colonial, architectural, estate, or classic. Each of these has a distinct flair to them, so before choosing, it is important that you know what you want the overall style of your deck to be.

The traditional option may sound obvious. They are basically aluminum balusters for decks that replace the wooden pickets of the past. This material will not warp, crack, and splinter, as the wooden ones would have done. Even though they are fairly straight-forward, they also add a little more style and class with the appearance of wrought-iron or bronze.

The colonial style has the appearance of the wooden rails of colonial times with a touch of elegance once again. This style only comes in black, which gives the appearance of wrought-iron.

The architectural style of aluminum balusters for decks is quite interesting. They actually come in two styles being the Baroque and the arch style. The Baroque has a wavy design, and the arch is simply that, an arch rather than wavy or straight design. The architectural style is flat and wider than the latter styles.

The estate style is another option. It has an art-deco appearance that will give your deck clean lines and a sense of the modern. This is a combination of straight lines and rectangles that give it a more filled-in appearance while still being open. This style can come in black, bronze, or white.

The classic style is the most versatile of all of the options. They offer simplicity, but there are additions that can be made to this style including built-in lights. With this style you can choose to have more than the baluster made of metal material. The color range is also broad. You can get it in copper, black, black matte, white, clay, bronze, forest, rust, or stainless. With all of the variety involved in this style, it is probably very desirable to those who want more choices in color then simply black, white, or bronze. The style is simple, but if you prefer these colors, you may be able to add decoration elsewhere to bring in your style.

There are many options in aluminum balusters for decks, but it should not be very difficult to choose once you know your distinct style. Once you choose and have them installedScience Articles, you will likely enjoy the change and the style that these add to your deck.

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Phone threat closes tunnels, snarls traffic in Baltimore, Maryland

Tuesday, October 18, 2005

A phone threat by a person who claimed to have information from overseas led state highway officials to disrupt traffic for 2 hours on Tuesday through both harbor tunnels in Baltimore, Maryland. All north and southbound traffic of the Harbor Tunnel, and all but two lanes of the Fort McHenry Tunnel were stopped before noontime as a precaution, causing traffic backups.

While authorities are unsure of the credibility of the threat, the Maryland Transportaion Authority made the closure with the urging of the FBI. Dump trucks were used to block tube entrances and assistance of 80 police were on hand to direct motorists to detours. There were no heavy traffic delays reported on the beltway, the city’s alternate route.

Maryland governor Bob Ehrlich held an afternoon news conference and described a combined effort at federal, state and local levels that were two weeks in planning. The tunnel closures were directed from a command post set up yesterday.

FBI special agent in charge of the operation, Kevin Perkins, said the information they gathered “… was somewhat specific as to the date and time” of the threat, and that authorities were exercising “an abundance of caution” in reacting to it.

There are reports of 4 arrests being made in connection with immigration charges stemming from the investigation. According to a CBS News correspondent Bob Orr, advance information of the threat came from an Egyptian being held in the Netherlands who told U.S. officials of a plot involving a vehicle bomb. Nearly 30 people of Egyptian heritage have been questioned by the FBI through the city.

The investigation seems to have centered on a small market in southeast Baltimore when the threat first immerged. Authorities believe the plot was to drive “explosives-laden vehicles” into the tunnel, although which one of the tunnels remained unspecific.

The recent telephoned threat was believed highly questionable because it came from a person who “offered the information in an attempt to gain favor to get out of some trouble in a related way,” the correspondent Orr said. There is so far no direct evidence to verify the threat was real.

 

Let An Expert Plumber Improve The Home Or Eliminate Plumbing Failures

byadmin

For most home and property owners, the primary areas of concern regarding possible failures are those things that can damage the structure. Consider the case of a leaking pipe. These problems can occur in the most unusual places, and this often makes it difficult to eliminate the problem or repair any resultant damage. The first step is to hire an experienced Plumber to locate and diagnose the issue. Leaks may not always be due to simple problems. For instance, a crack in the pipe can come from excessive pressure changes, weak materials, abrasion from mounting supports or rubbing on a wall and this is just a few of the possibilities.

There are a surprising number of locations where a leak might exist that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Hidden leaks are a major concern because they often occur long before the homeowner notices the problem. In some cases, the issue may not be apparent until the utility bill gets out of control. Locating the leak requires an expert with some special tools. Specifically, they require acoustic sampling systems capable of listening inside the walls and may need GPR (ground penetrating radar) to discover voids in the soil caused by excessive amounts of water.

Eliminating these failures is usually more involved than simple pipe repairs because there is some demolition required. One example of a difficult repair is a broken pipe on a concrete foundation. This issue may occur more often than people realize because some home designs use this method for protecting the pipe. The major issue in making a repair of this nature is cutting through the concrete. Improper cutting could break more pipe or worse, damage the foundation itself.

For some folks, the most important reason to contact a Plumber is the need for home improvement. There are several areas where an expert can provide help, and these include the laundry area, kitchen and baths. A properly constructed kitchen or bath can improve the value of the property, but a more important use is making the space viable for the occupants. This is often necessary once the homeowners realize the space they live in doesn’t fit their needs. The kitchen is a prime example since most family members congregate there around mealtime. Learn more by contacting the experts at Southern Plumbing Inc. You can also follow them on

For most home and property owners, the primary areas of concern regarding possible failures are those things that can damage the structure. Consider the case of a leaking pipe. These problems can occur in the most unusual places, and this often makes it difficult to eliminate the problem or repair any resultant damage. The first step is to hire an experienced Plumber to locate and diagnose the issue. Leaks may not always be due to simple problems. For instance, a crack in the pipe can come from excessive pressure changes, weak materials, abrasion from mounting supports or rubbing on a wall and this is just a few of the possibilities.

There are a surprising number of locations where a leak might exist that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Hidden leaks are a major concern because they often occur long before the homeowner notices the problem. In some cases, the issue may not be apparent until the utility bill gets out of control. Locating the leak requires an expert with some special tools. Specifically, they require acoustic sampling systems capable of listening inside the walls and may need GPR (ground penetrating radar) to discover voids in the soil caused by excessive amounts of water.

Eliminating these failures is usually more involved than simple pipe repairs because there is some demolition required. One example of a difficult repair is a broken pipe on a concrete foundation. This issue may occur more often than people realize because some home designs use this method for protecting the pipe. The major issue in making a repair of this nature is cutting through the concrete. Improper cutting could break more pipe or worse, damage the foundation itself.

For some folks, the most important reason to contact a Plumber is the need for home improvement. There are several areas where an expert can provide help, and these include the laundry area, kitchen and baths. A properly constructed kitchen or bath can improve the value of the property, but a more important use is making the space viable for the occupants. This is often necessary once the homeowners realize the space they live in doesn’t fit their needs. The kitchen is a prime example since most family members congregate there around mealtime. Learn more by contacting the experts at Southern Plumbing Inc. You can also follow them on Twitter for more updates.

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News briefs:January 04, 2008

Contents

  • 1 Wikinews News Brief January 04, 2008 23:35 UTC
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Israeli troops kill 9 in Gaza
    • 1.3 Georgian President faces election challenge
    • 1.4 US unemployment hits two-year high
    • 1.5 Israel plans crackdown on West Bank settlement outposts
    • 1.6 Transaven Airlines plane carrying 14 people crashes off Venezuelan coast
    • 1.7 Sportswriter Milt Dunnell dies at 102
    • 1.8 2007 was particularly good year for aviation safety
    • 1.9 U.S. Senator Dodd bows out of presidential race
    • 1.10 Intel ends partnership with One Laptop Per Child program
    • 1.11 British Investigators arrive in Pakistan to join Bhutto investigation
    • 1.12 Disgorge bassist Ben Marlin dies from cancer
    • 1.13 Egypt lets 2000 pilgrims through Rafah
    • 1.14 Launch of Space Shuttle Atlantis once again delayed
    • 1.15 Study suggests hospitals are not the best place for cardiac arrest treatment
    • 1.16 US dollar no longer accepted at Taj Mahal and other Indian historical sites
    • 1.17 Footer

[edit]

 

KITCHEN RENOVATION | THE COMMON RISKS

In kitchen renovation, the goal is often to expand, update, or rearrange the space for better functionality. Many homeowners also desire to install the latest appliances, spacious cabinets, bright lighting, and quality plumbing. All of these components create a challenging renovation project; the complexity of kitchens requires much planning and product knowledge, not to mention finding the right contractors and making a budget. Our Renovco expert members brought together their experiences and advice to identify the top five risks of the kitchen renovation.

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Kitchen Renovation: Poor Design
Nailing the design is crucial to the success of your project as the kitchen is the hub of a variety of activities. From making meals to hosting family gatherings, kitchens should be designed around how you will use them. Forming a layout that poorly organizes the space and chooses options that are more pretty than usable will make for a kitchen that is awkward to move around in and inefficient.

Budget Mistakes
It is always worthwhile to work out an accurate budget for any renovation, but it is even more vital in kitchen renovation. There are a lot of variables and components to keep up with during the kitchen renovation, and you can easily overspend if you lose track of things. You can also pay too much for materials and labor if you do not have experience with remodels. Alternatively, going cheap on appliances is not always the best plan—you get what you pay for in most cases, and in the end, you spend more on repairs or replacements. The same goes for items that have a higher lifecycle cost. It may be cheaper upfront, but an inefficient item will cost more down the road. Consulting an expert who can tell you about the quality and total costs of your products can help you determine which options will be the most cost-effective.

Gaps in Experience
If renovation or kitchen design is not your profession, you run the risk of missing some pretty major issues that can bite you down the road. Kitchen cabinets are just one example. In our experience, we have learned that it is worthwhile to buy the highest-quality cabinets you can afford. They are the workhorse of your kitchen and can last a long time if chosen wisely. And, what’s pretty on the front isn’t always pretty behind the door. Did you know some ranges require deeper than standard cabinets left and right of the range to hide the sides of the appliance? There are hundreds of little details learned through experience that can make or break your remodel.

Time Delays
Kitchen renovations are hefty projects, and it is difficult to predict how long yours should take if you are unfamiliar with the process. Making sure a kitchen renovation project goes smoothly means getting all the necessary materials before you start, and coordinating yours and your contractor’s schedules. Miscommunications, misplaced materials or forgotten items can delay your project and make your kitchen unusable for quite some time.

Electrical and Plumbing Mistakes
When you are demolishing parts of your kitchen and moving to plumb around, you always run the risk of damaging electrical lines and pipes. Be sure to consult a plumbing and electrical expert before moving or modifying your space to avoid this issue. Electrical design is more than meets the eye, especially when it comes to the kitchen. If you are adding multiple appliances and new lighting, you may not have enough electrical outlets or appropriate wiring to service them. You may need to have your underlying electrical plan completely reconfigured by an electrical professional; otherwise, you may overload your outlets.

Kitchen Renovation: Should You Get a Dishwasher?
You may want to think about purchasing yourself a dishwasher when you remodel your kitchen if you don’t already have one. Even if all of your kitchen renovations have been planned and you would like a dishwasher, you still should be able to have one.

The most common question asked about dishwashers and remodeling is how it is possible, especially after a remodeling plan has already been developed.

Benefits of Owning a Dishwasher
In case you aren’t already aware; there are a number of benefits to owning a dishwasher. One of those benefits is saved time, especially if you have a large family. The average family goes through at least three different sets of dishes each day; one for breakfast, one for lunch, and one for dinner.

What is nice about dishwashers is that you just load them, turn them on, and return back to whatever you were doing before. In most cases, you will find that it takes less than five minutes to get a dishwasher loaded and running.

Style and Colors
You can find traditional white dishwashers, black dishwashers, black and white dishwashers, silver, as well as stainless steel dishwashers. Essentially, this means that you can find a dishwasher to match the rest of your kitchen, even after the remodeling has occurred.

In fact, purchasing a dishwasher when you purchase your other kitchen remodeling supplies is a great way to ensure that everything matches.

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Fixing Common Bathroom Vanity Problems

Whenever you undertake a major renovation in your home, you do your best to avoid mistakes: You follow the instructions as closely as you can, or even hire a professional contractor to do the work for you. Sometimes however things go wrong and you might need to repair your vanity cabinets, or other problem areas, yourself. By learning some simple repair techniques before your next project starts, you’ll be ready for whatever the future holds.

Leaking faucet or pipe
If you installed your vanity cabinets yourself, you needed to turn off the water supply at one point or another. Perhaps you needed to change the pipe or attach new faucet fixtures to the sink. When this happened and you screwed the pieces back together again, all looked fine. There were no leaks, and no signs that anything might not be working properly. A few days later though, a leak appeared. This sometimes happens due to installation problems that aren’t noticed until the bathroom is used more frequently.

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Here are some quick ways to seal a leak:

• Identify where it’s coming from first. You can do this by drying off the area under the sink and placing a piece of paper underneath. Wherever it’s wet is where the leak is coming from.

• Turn off the water supply.

• Determine if you simply need to tighten the faulty connection. Depending on the nature of the joint, use either a pipe wrench, or tighten by hand.

• Turn the water on again. If nothing leaks, you’ve fixed the problem. If you’re still seeing leaks, turn the water off and try the next fix.

• Seal the joint with either Teflon (or PTFE) thread sealing tape or thread sealing compound. The tape is wound around male threads, always in the same direction that the fitting is tightened onto the pipe. When using the compound, follow the directions carefully or otherwise the seal won’t be effective.

Broken cabinet door
Maybe you pulled too quickly on a cabinet door or didn’t install it properly-in any case, it’s fallen off now. The easiest way to fix this problem is to replace the hinges if they’re cracked, or simply use longer screws that hold better. (You may also have to patch the screw holes with wood filler if they’ve become too wide to hold a screw.)

If the door itself is broken into pieces, you’ll need to replace it entirely by contacting the dealer you bought the vanity from.

Cracked tile or grout
Sometimes the tiling around vanity cabinets will break or crack if it wasn’t installed properly. This can happen months after the initial installation due to changes in humidity and temperature that create additional pressure or uneven joint expansion. The remedy is to replace damaged tiles individually, or install new sealer wherever the grout is cracked. Depending on how old the floor is, getting the right color match between old and new may require experimentation with different colors, stains, and/or sealers. Again, it’s important to follow directions closely in order to avoid future problems.

In the end, you may see a repair issue as a sign that it’s finally time to re-do the bathroom you’ve been putting up with for years.

 

U.S. team unveils plans for F1 entry in 2010

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

A United States-based operation, known now as USF1, has unveiled plans to join the Formula One motor racing series beginning in the 2010 season. Team principal Ken Anderson and sporting director Peter Windsor officially launched USF1 in a live press conference broadcast on the US television channel Speed.

Ken Anderson has previously worked for the Ligier and Onyx Grand Prix Formula One teams, and most recently held the position of technical director for the Haas CNC Racing team in the American NASCAR series. Windsor has previously been general manager at Scuderia Ferrari and team manager for WilliamsF1 before taking up his current role as a journalist and reporter for the Speed channel.

USF1 would be based in Charlotte, North Carolina in the United States, unlike all eleven teams that participated in the 2008 Formula One season, which are based in Europe. Anderson also expressed a preference for the team’s drivers to be of American nationality. They confirmed that they do not yet have an engine supply contact but expressed a desire to contact all existing Formula One engine builders before signing one.

The team expressed an intention to be more open to fans than current Formula One teams in order to appeal to the US market. The possibility for fans to tour the factory and see the car being built as well as television shows showing the inner workings of the team were suggested. Windsor claimed that the team had received the backing of both Max Mosley, the president of Formula One’s governing body, and Bernie Ecclestone, president of Formula One’s commercial rights holders. No details were given on the team’s financial backers, however.

 

US Supreme Court allows ‘light’ cigarettes lawsuits

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

The United States Supreme Court on Monday ruled that “tobacco companies that marketed ‘light’ and ‘low tar’ cigarettes may be sued for fraud.” The 5-to-4 judgment is expected to open the way for dozens of lawsuits claiming billions of dollars in damages.

In the certiorari ruling penned by Justice Stevens, the Court held that a class action brought under state law prohibiting deceptive advertising generally was not preempted by federal law regulating cigarette advertising. The lawsuit claims that tobacco makers who manufacture “light” and “low tar” cigarettes had deceived smokers into thinking the products are safer than regular cigarettes. Former United States Solicitor General Theodore Olson, now working with Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, argued the case for the petitioners, Altria Group and Philip Morris USA.

Several smokers in recent decades switched to light cigarettes, with fervent faith they posed less of a danger to their health. But scientific or medical researches have shown this common-sense view is wrong. Although mechanical tests showed “light” cigarettes emitted less tar when burned, actual smokers inhale about the same amount of tar when they puff on a light cigarette, the studies found. The cigarette business faces more than 30 class-action lawsuits from smokers and ex-smokers who seek billions of dollars in damages and claim they were deceived by the marketing of light and low-tar cigarettes.

Respondents Stephanie Good and 2 others are Maine residents and for over 15 years smoked Marlboro Lights and Cambridge Lights cigarettes, which are manufactured by petitioners Altria Group and Philip Morris USA. They sought damages compensation for economic rather than medical harm, claiming they had overpaid for cigarettes based on fraudulent advertisements suggesting that light cigarettes were safer than regular ones. The Labeling Act requires tobacco companies to indicate rotating warnings on their packaging and advertising. “No requirement or prohibition ‘based on smoking and health’ shall be imposed under state law with respect to the advertising or promotion,” the law provides, and only if the labeling requirements on cigarettes are obeyed.

In the case, the Court applied the pertinent Federal laws, in question, Title 15 U.S.C. § 1334(b), the “Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act” and Me. Rev. Stat. Ann., Tit. 5, § 207 (Supp. 2008), the “Maine Unfair Trade Practices Act” (MUTPA). It held that “the Labeling Act neither expressly nor impliedly pre-empts respondents’ fraud claim.” The landmark decision allows the lawsuit to proceed on the merits upon remand to the trial court below. The ruling strikes a blow against a broad effort by U.S. corporations to limit their exposure to lawsuits filed under federal law.

The court also dismissed Philip Morris’s argument that the Federal Trade Commission‘s mid-1960s endorsement of machine testing of cigarette tar and nicotine levels “should relieve the company of liability for alleged fraud.” In November, the FTC officially dropped its endorsement of the Cambridge Filter Method, saying it is flawed because “the machine doesn’t take into account the way smokers adjust their behavior.”

The Supreme Court in a June ruling, said 8 to 1 that “a case filed in a state court alleging a defective catheter was pre-empted by a federal statue providing regulation of medical devices to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.” The court also ruled in 1992 in ‘Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc.’ that “the phrase ‘based on smoking and health’ in the Labeling Act did not apply to pre-empt suits under state laws based on the ‘general duty’ not to make fraudulent statements.”

Justice Clarence Thomas said that “some kinds of fraud claims against cigarette makers may go forward, just not those concerning smoking and health. Thus, if cigarette manufacturers were to falsely advertise their products as ‘American-made’ or ‘the official cigarette of Major League Baseball,’ state-law claims arising from that wrongful behavior would not be pre-empted. Forbidding lawsuits based on health claims, would not mean consumers lack protection, as tobacco marketing is subject to regulatory oversight.”

Altria’s associate general counsel, Murray Garnick, in a statement, said “we continue to view these cases as manageable, and the company will assert many of the strong defenses used successfully in the past to defend against this very type of case.”